Actor: In this project , we use the term actor to describe the person who initially takes on a role. They are part of forming the motivations, background and actions of the characters in the play, and must in all repetitions of the scene stay in character to make solutions realistic and usable.
Digital Media: Media that is recorded for the express purpose of being displayed, stored or manipulated digitally. Digital media is to be distinguished from social media in this context as it can be accessed without going online. For example it is possible for a group to work on editing digitally recorded forum plays without uploading these on to Youtube. Participants could, instead use Windows movie maker or alternative editing software available on the computer being used.
Dilemma: A situation containing some type of unresolved conflict. The dilemma must be realistic, relevant and have characters the audience/spect-actors can identify with.
Forum play: A variation of the forum theatre, but instead of having trained actors to perform a plays for a group, the group is involved in creating the plays, and also serve as actors, not just spect-actors. This ensures that the dilemmas in the scenes are relevant to the group.
Forum theatre: In forum theatre audience members can stop a performance, often a short scene in which a character is being oppressed in some way. Then spectator replaces actor to determine the solution to a given problem presented by the actor. This makes it possible to bring the audience members into the performance, to have an input into the dramatic action they were watching.
Joker: The joker is the game leader or facilitator of the scene. He/she is the one responsible for creating a positive atmosphere and keeping a flow going through the event by asking questions that invites reflection and interaction. The joker must be neutral for most parts, letting the participants judge whether solutions and actions are ‘good’ or ‘bad’.
Post-activity: Activities happening after the plays (and evaluation). Post-activities are a great way of keeping the young people to reflect on the topics and dilemmas, and to allow alternative ways of processing the scenes, even for participants who are not confident with stepping up on stage. Post-activities can happen in classrooms, group work, at home or online, depending on the methods used.
Pre-activity: Activities and preparation that lies before the actual activities on the day (warm up, values exercises, forum plays), and which aims at preparing the participants, gathering information and dilemmas or incorporating digital media.
Social Media: Websites that involve the sharing of user generated content such as videos, blogs and tweets with peers or wider groups. Popular websites include Facebook, Youtube, Twitter, Blogger and Pinterest.
Theatre of the oppressed: A theatre form developed by Brazilian Augusto Boal, which seeks to transform audiences into active participants in the theatrical experience. The Theatre of the Oppressed has three forms: image theatre, invisible theatre and forum theatre. Image Theatre is a series of exercises and games where the participants make still images of their lives, feelings, experiences, oppressions. Invisible Theatre is a public theatre which involves the public as participants in the action without their knowing it. They are the spect-actors of a piece of theatre, but while it is happening, and usually even after the event, they do not know that this is theatre rather than real life. Forum theatre – see below.
Spect-actor: the spect-actor is a member of the audience. Instead of being a passive spectator of the scene, as in more traditional theatre forms, the audience member is transformed into an active participant in the scene, who can ask questions, give inputs and suggest alternatives, in that way giving them the possibility to change the course of the scene.
Value exercise: Value exercises or values clarification is a way to involve participants in discussing statements, positions and values. Participants will be asked to take a stand actively by positioning themselves and argue for their motivation.
Warm-up exercise: Small exercises involving some physical activity in order to break down barriers and prepare the participants to be active and involved.